Biography: Fatma Begum was one of the early superstars in Indian cinema and India's first female film director. She began her career on the Urdu stage, but later got into films and debuted in Ardeshir Irani's silent film, Veer Abhimanyu (1922). In 1926, she established Fatima Films which later became known as Victoria-Fatima Films in 1928. She acted in films at Kohinoor Studios and Imperial Studios, while writing, directing, producing, and acting in her own production house. In 1926, she directed Bulbul-e-Paristan, and became the first female director of Indian cinema . Leaning towards direction, Fatima continued acting till her last film in 1938, Duniya Kya Hai?. She was the mother of Zubeida, Sultana and Shehzadi, who were popular actors of the silent era. Her daughter Zubeida, went on to act in India's first ever talkie, Alam Ara. Fatima Begum died in 1983 at the ripe age of 91.